More About the Backpack

Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.

—— Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948


Helping Refugees Reclaim Right to Education

Made to address the social and institutional barriers that arise as refugees and vulnerable young people attempt to continue their education or gain employment, the Article 26 Backpack™ is a universal human rights tool that empowers academic and employment mobility. The project, which is backed by a Ford Foundation Grant, is poised to revolutionize the way refugees and those whose education has been disrupted by war, natural disaster, or economic collapse shape, store and share elements of their professional and educational identity.

Article 26 Backpack™ is named in accordance with Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which asserts everyone’s right to education. The project is led by Keith David Watenpaugh, professor and director of Human Rights Studies and housed in UC Davis Global Affairs. Building the Backpack and getting it into the hands of young people in need has brought together an international and multidisciplinary team including:

  • University of California, Davis
  • American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers
  • Issam Fares Institute for International Affairs and Public Policy at the American University in Beirut

Why Now?

Imagine you’re a young university student from Syria. You and your family have had to flee war and violence; you’re about to start down an unknown and difficult path, and you’ve been studying to go into medicine or engineering or teaching, and you want to keep going.

Once in the safety of Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey or Greece, and like hundreds of thousands of other young people, you try to reconnect with higher education, but now you face a host of new problems. For instance, do you have an “official transcript” if you’re a refugee and the university you attended is closed or has been destroyed?

Having documents like this—and sharing the information they contain—can be the difference between being able to reconnect with higher education and building a better future for yourself and your family or being left behind.

Article 26 Backpack™ is designed to solve challenges like these for refugees and other populations of vulnerable young people by empowering them to best share with universities, scholarship agencies, and even employers their educational background, employment history and goals.

Among its many capabilities, the Backpack is a mechanism to safely store, share, and have evaluated documentation of transcripts, diplomas and other forms of certification. Much more than just “an app”, the project creates an ecosystem that makes it possible for refugee and other at-risk young people to connect with those institutions, programs and employers that can best help them.

UC Davis, partnering with the American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers and the American University in Beirut is first developing, implementing and evaluating the Backpack™ with refugees and at-risk young people in Lebanon.

From there, the Article 26 Backpack™ will be developed for broader implementation throughout the Middle East, particularly in those areas most affected by the war in Syria, but also beyond the region to bring the tool to even larger numbers of young people.